The Irish Republican Brotherhood

The Irish Republican Brotherhood

Home | 1916 Easter Rising Compilation | Web | Chronicle | Education, Folklore, History, People, Politics

The Irish Republican Brotherhood

Info

The Irish Republican Brotherhood, (IRB – 1858 to 1924) was a secret society, bound by oath, dedicated to the establishment of an “independent democratic republic” in Ireland.

The IRB was organised into circles, a “circle” was analogous to a regiment, that the “centre” or A, who might be considered equivalent to a colonel, who chose nine B’s, or captains, who in their turn chose nine C’s, or sergeants, who in their turn chose nine D’s, who constituted the rank and file. In theory an A should only be known to the B’s; a B, to his C’s: and a C, to his D’s; but this rule was often violated.

The IRB played an important role in the history of Ireland, as the chief advocate of republicanism during the campaign for Ireland’s independence from the United Kingdom. The IRB succeeded other republican movements such as the United Irishmen of the 1790s and the young Irelanders of the 1840s.

In the 1870s and 80s IRB members attempted to democratise the Home Rule League and later the Irish Parliamentary Party. It also played a major part in the Land War especially in the west of Ireland!

The IRB in 1916 was no longer a mass organisation, as it had been in the 1860s. It had about 1,300 members, organised into small ‘Centres’ throughout Ireland but its influence was felt across a broad cross-section of nationalist organisations that it had infiltrated, from the cultural organisations Gaelic League and GAA to the political party Sinn Fein, to the Irish Industrial Committee and most significantly, from 1913, the nationalist militia, the Volunteers. Its influence in short was felt far beyond its own ranks. But above all, what the IRB represented was an idea. This was the idea that Ireland was country occupied by Britain, especially England, and historically subordinated, humiliated and oppressed.

– –

Written by Finbarr O'Regan

Published here 04 Feb 2021

– –

1916 Easter Rising

1916 Easter Rising

The Easter Rising, also known as the Easter Rebellion, was an armed revolt in Ir… Here some recent records:

Explore

Chronicle

I loved Carnaun School
I was only four when I started school. I don’t remember how I got ther… by Sadie Lanthier
Carnaun Centenary Archive | Education, People, Religion, Townlands

Contribute

Many thanks to all our writers, researchers and contributors who have made this collation of writing a meaningful historical record. If you would like to add an article, news, thoughts, opinions, photos or anything else to the Athenry.org Library please contact our Editor, Finbarr O’Regan at: oreganathenry@gmail.com
Contact
About

About the project

Find out how it all began and meet the editor.

Read
Links

Community links

Links to our pick of local community places.

Search
Links

Other publications

Recommended good reads by other local writers.

Browse
Letters

Letters to the editor

Comments, reviews and letters from readers.

Read
Carnaun School Athenry

Carnaun school

The legacy website created by Finbarr’s students.

Visit
© 2021 O’Regan’s Athenry Archive | Copyright | Privacy | Cookies | Login | A Follyfox Design